Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs The Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, founded in 1940, publishes peer-reviewed manuscripts dealing with diverse aspects of alcohol and other substances of abuse. The range of materials includes biological, medical, epidemiological, social, psychological, and other aspects of alcohol and other drug use, abuse, and dependence. False Negatives in the Assessment of Lifetime Alcohol Use Disorders: A Serious But Unappreciated Problem Objective: Some individuals will not meet criteria for a lifetime alcohol use disorder (AUD) at a baseline assessment but will at a follow-up measurement, but not because the disorder began after the initial evaluation. Despite several research implications, this type of unreliability of lifetime AUD estimates has not ... DSM-IV Alcohol Dependence and Marital Dissolution: Evidence From the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations among alcohol use disorder (AUD), stressful life events, and marital dissolution in a probability sample of adults. Method: The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions is a prospective, longitudinal study of a ... Linking Masculinity to Negative Drinking Consequences: The Mediating Roles of Heavy Episodic Drinking and Alcohol Expectancies Objective: This study extends previous research on masculinity and negative drinking consequences among young men by considering mediating effects of heavy episodic drinking (HED) and alcohol expectancies. We hypothesized that masculinity would have a direct relationship with negative consequences from drinking as well as indirect relationships mediated by HED ... DSM-IV Antisocial Personality Disorder and Conduct Disorder: Evidence for Taxonic Structures Among Individuals With and Without Substance Use Disorders in the General Population Objective: The categorical-dimensional status of DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) conduct disorder (CD) and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is a source of controversy. This study examined whether the underlying structure of DSM-IV CD and ASPD was dimensional or categorical (taxonic) among ... Longitudinal Trajectories of Readiness to Change: Alcohol Use and Help-Seeking Behavior Objective: Pre-post changes in readiness for change (RC) are commonly assessed in treatment outcome studies, often with contradictory results. Little is known about 12-month RC trajectories among those initiating change or about the association between RC and either within- or between-person alcohol use or time-lagged ... The Transition to Medication Adoption in Publicly Funded Substance Use Disorder Treatment Programs: Organizational Structure, Culture, and Resources Objective: Medications for the treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs) are not widely available in publicly funded SUD treatment programs. Few studies have drawn on longitudinal data to examine the organizational characteristics associated with programs transitioning from not delivering any pharmacotherapy to adopting at least one SUD medication. Method: ... Dissemination, Adoption, and Implementation of Acamprosate for Treating Alcohol Use Disorders Objective: Acamprosate has been available in the United States for treating alcohol use disorders (AUDs) for nearly a decade, yet few studies have examined its use within AUD treatment organizations. In addition to describing dissemination and adoption of acamprosate, this study provides novel data regarding organizational processes that underlie ... A Pilot Study of Two Supervision Approaches for Peer-Led Alcohol Interventions With Mandated College Students Objective: Despite the increasing need to identify and implement effective interventions to reduce drinking with mandated college students, peer-led brief alcohol interventions have received minimal research attention. The current pilot study tested whether enhanced supervision (evidence-based application approach [EAA; group plus individual]) would improve peer counseling skills ... The Effect of an Educational Intervention on Alcohol Consumption, At-Risk Drinking, and Health Care Utilization in Older Adults: The Project SHARE Study Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a patient-provider educational intervention in reducing at-risk drinking among older adults. Method: This was a cluster-randomized controlled trial of 31 primary care providers and their patients ages 60 years and older at a community-... Predictors of Pretreatment Commitment to Abstinence: Results from the COMBINE Study Objective: Patients entering treatment for alcohol problems do not have uniform treatment goals, and a pretreatment drinking goal has a significant impact on treatment outcome. The objective of this study was to understand better how an array of individual characteristics, including factors that affect treatment, are related to treatment ... Drinking Motives and Links to Alcohol Use in 13 European Countries Objective: The purpose of this study was to test the structure and endorsement of drinking motives and their links to alcohol use among 11- to 19-year-olds from 13 European countries. Method: Confirmatory factor analysis, latent growth curves, and multiple regression models were conducted, based on a sample ... Characteristics and Course of Dependence in Cocaine-Dependent Individuals Who Never Used Alcohol or Marijuana or Used Cocaine First Objective: Cocaine users typically try alcohol or marijuana before cocaine, but this ordering of substance use initiation is not universal. Characterizing cocaine-dependent users who deviate from the typical sequence may be informative for understanding the multiple pathways to cocaine dependence. Method: Data were drawn from cocaine-dependent participants (... Alcohol Use Trajectories Among Non-Treatment-Seeking Heavy Drinkers Objective: Heavy drinking, often defined as more than five drinks per occasion, is a major public health problem worldwide, yet most individuals who drink heavily never receive treatment. Focusing on those who receive treatment, numerous studies have found that alcohol use following treatment is discontinuous, with periods of abstinence ... Willingness to Drink as a Function of Peer Offers and Peer Norms in Early Adolescence Objective: The goal of this study was to explore the effect of subjective peer norms on adolescents’ willingness to drink and whether this association was moderated by sensitivity to peer approval, prior alcohol use, and gender. Method: The sample was 1,023 middle-school students (52% female; 76% White; ... Diary Study of Sexual Risk Taking, Alcohol Use, and Strategies for Reducing Negative Affect in Female College Students Objective: The goal of this study was to examine motivations for engaging in risky sexual behaviors (RSBs) and factors that may increase the likelihood of engaging in RSB. RSB was defined as not using condoms during intercourse and having intercourse with poorly known partners, which were treated separately with ... "I Will Take a Shot for Every 'Like' I Get on This Status"¯: Posting Alcohol-Related Facebook Content Is Linked to Drinking Outcomes Objective: This study investigated whether self-reports of alcohol-related postings on Facebook by oneself or one's Facebook friends were related to common motives for drinking and were uniquely predictive of self-reported alcohol outcomes (alcohol consumption, problems, and cravings). Method: Pacific Northwest undergraduates completed a survey of ... Alcohol and Marijuana Use Patterns Associated With Unsafe Driving Among U.S. High School Seniors: High Use Frequency, Concurrent Use, and Simultaneous Use [OPEN ACCESS] Objective: This article examines noncausal associations between high school seniors' alcohol and marijuana use status and rates of self-reported unsafe driving in the past 12 months. Method: Analyses used data from 72,053 students collected through annual surveys of nationally representative cross-sectional samples of U.S. 12th-... In Memoriam: Remembering Professor Roger Nordmann, May 24, 1926-January 24, 2014 .