Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs The Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, founded in 1940, publishes peer-reviewed manuscripts dealing with diverse aspects of alcohol and other substances of abuse. The range of materials includes biological, medical, epidemiological, social, psychological, and other aspects of alcohol and other drug use, abuse, and dependence. http://www.jsad.com Effectiveness of Treatment for Adolescent Substance Use: Is Biological Drug Testing Sufficient? Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the relative effectiveness of three treatment modalities for adolescent substance use: biological drug screening (BDS), Motivational Enhancement Therapy-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (MET/CBT5), and BDS combined with MET/CBT5, relative to no treatment. Method: This study comprised 5,186 adolescents (... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Effectiveness_of_Treatment_for_Adolescent_Substance_Use_Is_Biological_Drug/4940.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Effectiveness_of_Treatment_for_Adolescent_Substance_Use_Is_Biological_Drug/4940.html Associations of Cocaine Use and HIV Infection With the Intestinal Microbiota, Microbial Translocation, and Inflammation Objective: HIV and illicit drug use have been associated with altered nutrition, immune function, and metabolism. We hypothesized that altered composition and decreased diversity of the intestinal microbiota, along with microbial translocation, contribute to nutritional compromise in HIV-infected drug users. Method: We enrolled 26 men and 6 women, ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Associations_of_Cocaine_Use_and_HIV_Infection_With_the_Intestinal_Microbiot/4939.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Associations_of_Cocaine_Use_and_HIV_Infection_With_the_Intestinal_Microbiot/4939.html Cumulative Proportion of Responders Analysis (CPRA) as a Tool to Assess Treatment Outcome in Alcohol Clinical Trials Objective: Several definitions of treatment response have been proposed for alcohol clinical trials (e.g., abstinence and no heavy drinking). However, each of these outcomes allows only one definition of successful response. In contrast, the cumulative proportion of responders analysis (CPRA) includes all of the possible drinking response cutoff ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Cumulative_Proportion_of_Responders_Analysis_CPRA_as_a_Tool_to_Assess_Tre/4938.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Cumulative_Proportion_of_Responders_Analysis_CPRA_as_a_Tool_to_Assess_Tre/4938.html Readability of Self-Report Alcohol Misuse Measures Objective: Self-report measures of alcohol misuse and alcohol use disorders are valuable assessment tools for both research and clinical practice settings. However, readability is often overlooked when establishing the validity of these measures, which may result in measures written at a reading-grade level that is higher than ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Readability_of_SelfReport_Alcohol_Misuse_Measures/4937.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Readability_of_SelfReport_Alcohol_Misuse_Measures/4937.html Risks of Alcohol Use Disorders Related to Drinking Patterns in the U.S. General Population Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between drinking (mean quantity and heavy drinking patterns) and alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in the U.S. general population. Method: Data from three telephone National Alcohol Surveys (in 2000, 2005, and 2010) were pooled, with separate analyses for ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Risks_of_Alcohol_Use_Disorders_Related_to_Drinking_Patterns_in_the_US_Gen/4936.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Risks_of_Alcohol_Use_Disorders_Related_to_Drinking_Patterns_in_the_US_Gen/4936.html Internet-Based Screening and Brief Intervention for Illicit Drug Users: A Randomized Controlled Trial With 12-Month Follow-Up Objective: This trial investigated the effects of access to an Internet-based screening and brief intervention site for illicit drug users. This article adds to previously published results from the 3- and 6-month follow-ups by extending the follow-up period to 12 months and reporting changes in ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/InternetBased_Screening_and_Brief_Intervention_for_Illicit_Drug_Users_A_R/4935.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/InternetBased_Screening_and_Brief_Intervention_for_Illicit_Drug_Users_A_R/4935.html State Variation in Underreporting of Alcohol Involvement on Death Certificates: Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Fatalities as an Example [OPEN ACCESS] Objective: We used motor vehicle traffic (MVT) crash fatalities as an example to examine the extent of underreporting of alcohol involvement on death certificates and state variations. Method: We compared MVT-related death certificates identified from national mortality data (Multiple Cause of Death [MCoD] data) with deaths in national ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/State_Variation_in_Underreporting_of_Alcohol_Involvement_on_Death_Certifica/4934.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/State_Variation_in_Underreporting_of_Alcohol_Involvement_on_Death_Certifica/4934.html Self-Control and Implicit Drinking Identity as Predictors of Alcohol Consumption, Problems, and Cravings Objective: We investigated trait and alcohol-specific self-control as unique predictors and moderators of the relation between implicit drinking identity associations and drinking. Method: Three hundred undergraduates completed a drinking identity Implicit Association Test (IAT), trait and alcohol self-control questionnaires, and alcohol consumption, problems, and cravings inventories. ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/SelfControl_and_Implicit_Drinking_Identity_as_Predictors_of_Alcohol_Consum/4933.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/SelfControl_and_Implicit_Drinking_Identity_as_Predictors_of_Alcohol_Consum/4933.html Early Adolescent Substance Use as a Risk Factor for Developing Conduct Disorder and Depression Symptoms Objective: Conduct disorder and depression symptoms are well-established risk factors for substance use during adolescence. However, few investigations have examined whether early substance use increases adolescents' risk of developing conduct disorder/depression symptoms. Method: Using the Developmental Pathways Project sample of 521 middle school students (51.6% male), ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Early_Adolescent_Substance_Use_as_a_Risk_Factor_for_Developing_Conduct_Diso/4932.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Early_Adolescent_Substance_Use_as_a_Risk_Factor_for_Developing_Conduct_Diso/4932.html Relationship-Specific Alcohol Expectancies and Gender Moderate the Effects of Relationship Drinking Contexts on Daily Relationship Functioning Objective: Research shows that drinking with one's partner in romantic relationships is associated with positive relationship functioning (e.g., increased intimacy), whereas drinking apart from one's partner is associated with negative relationship functioning (e.g., increased negative behaviors/events). Relationship-specific alcohol expectancies (RSAE) may moderate these ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/RelationshipSpecific_Alcohol_Expectancies_and_Gender_Moderate_the_Effects_/4931.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/RelationshipSpecific_Alcohol_Expectancies_and_Gender_Moderate_the_Effects_/4931.html Prescription Drug Misuse and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Adolescents and Emerging Adults Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate associations between prescription drug misuse (PDM) and sexual risk behaviors (SRBs) among adolescents and emerging adults. Method: In a hospital emergency department, 2,127 sexually active 14- to 20-year-olds (61% female) reported on past-year alcohol use severity (... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Prescription_Drug_Misuse_and_Sexual_Risk_Behaviors_Among_Adolescents_and_Em/4930.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Prescription_Drug_Misuse_and_Sexual_Risk_Behaviors_Among_Adolescents_and_Em/4930.html Effects of Administered Alcohol on Intimate Partner Interactions in a Conflict Resolution Paradigm Objective: Although couples' alcohol use has been associated with intimate partner aggression and poorer marital functioning, few studies have examined the proximal effects of alcohol on couple interactions. The current experimental study examined the effects of alcohol, administered independently to male and female intimate partners, on positive and negative ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Effects_of_Administered_Alcohol_on_Intimate_Partner_Interactions_in_a_Confl/4929.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Effects_of_Administered_Alcohol_on_Intimate_Partner_Interactions_in_a_Confl/4929.html How Much Does One More Drink Matter? Examining Effects of Event-Level Alcohol Use and Previous Sexual Victimization on Sex-Related Consequences Objective: The first semester of college has been associated with increased drinking and sexual risk. However, it remains unclear why some drinking occasions result in experiencing negative sexual consequences whereas others do not. The current study used a diary-based approach to assess the event-level effect of alcohol ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/How_Much_Does_One_More_Drink_Matter_Examining_Effects_of_EventLevel_Alcoh/4928.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/How_Much_Does_One_More_Drink_Matter_Examining_Effects_of_EventLevel_Alcoh/4928.html Alcohol Dependence and Reproductive Timing in African and European Ancestry Women: Findings in a Midwestern Twin Cohort Objective: We examined associations between reproductive onset and history of alcohol dependence (AD) in 475 African ancestry (AA) and 2,865 European or other ancestry (EA) female twins. Method: Participants were drawn from a U.S. midwestern birth cohort study of like-sex female twin pairs born between 1975 ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Alcohol_Dependence_and_Reproductive_Timing_in_African_and_European_Ancestry/4927.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Alcohol_Dependence_and_Reproductive_Timing_in_African_and_European_Ancestry/4927.html A Mediational Model of Racial Discrimination and Alcohol-Related Problems Among African American College Students Objective: Racial discrimination has been identified as an important predictor of alcohol-related outcomes for African Americans. The goal of the current study was to extend previously found links between lifetime discrimination, alcohol use, and alcohol problems as well as to elucidate the affective mechanisms underlying these associations, as ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/A_Mediational_Model_of_Racial_Discrimination_and_AlcoholRelated_Problems_A/4926.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/A_Mediational_Model_of_Racial_Discrimination_and_AlcoholRelated_Problems_A/4926.html Parenting Style, Religiosity, Peer Alcohol Use, and Adolescent Heavy Drinking Objective: The purpose of this research was to examine the associations of parenting style, religiosity, and peer alcohol use with alcohol use and heavy drinking. Method: Structural equation modeling was used to estimate direct and indirect associations among 5,419 adolescents ages 1214 years from the National Longitudinal ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Parenting_Style_Religiosity_Peer_Alcohol_Use_and_Adolescent_Heavy_Drinki/4925.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Parenting_Style_Religiosity_Peer_Alcohol_Use_and_Adolescent_Heavy_Drinki/4925.html ADHD Symptoms, Autistic Traits, and Substance Use and Misuse in Adult Australian Twins Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder frequently co-occur. Several studies show increased risk of substance use disorders in ADHD, yet there is limited information related to how ADHD symptoms, autistic traits, and their combined effects are associated with nicotine, alcohol, and cannabis use and ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/ADHD_Symptoms_Autistic_Traits_and_Substance_Use_and_Misuse_in_Adult_Austr/4924.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/ADHD_Symptoms_Autistic_Traits_and_Substance_Use_and_Misuse_in_Adult_Austr/4924.html Explaining Individual Differences in Alcohol Intake in Adults: Evidence for Genetic and Cultural Transmission? Objective: The current study aimed to describe what proportion of variation in adult alcohol intake is attributable to genetic differences among individuals and what proportion to differences in environmental experiences individuals have been exposed to. Effects of age, gender, spousal resemblance, and cultural transmission of alcohol intake from parents ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Explaining_Individual_Differences_in_Alcohol_Intake_in_Adults_Evidence_for/4923.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Explaining_Individual_Differences_in_Alcohol_Intake_in_Adults_Evidence_for/4923.html