Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs The Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, founded in 1940, publishes peer-reviewed manuscripts dealing with diverse aspects of alcohol and other substances of abuse. The range of materials includes biological, medical, epidemiological, social, psychological, and other aspects of alcohol and other drug use, abuse, and dependence. http://www.jsad.com Theory of Mind Among Young Adult Children From Alcoholic Families Objective: Given the evidence that several cognitive and emotional functions are impaired in adult alcohol-dependent patients and the possibility that some of these deficits are transmitted to their children, the objective of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the perception of complex mental states would ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Theory_of_Mind_Among_Young_Adult_Children_From_Alcoholic_Families/4998.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Theory_of_Mind_Among_Young_Adult_Children_From_Alcoholic_Families/4998.html More Is Not Always Better—Comparison of Three Instruments Measuring Volume of Drinking in a Sample of Young Men and Their Association With Consequences Objective: In general population survey instruments that measure volume of drinking, additional questions and shorter reference periods yield higher volumes. Comparison studies have focused on volume but not on associations between volume and consequences. Method: From a cohort study on substance use risk factors (Cohort Study on Substance Use ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/More_Is_Not_Always_BetterComparison_of_Three_Instruments_Measuring_Volume_/4997.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/More_Is_Not_Always_BetterComparison_of_Three_Instruments_Measuring_Volume_/4997.html Acute Effects of Moderate Alcohol on Psychomotor, Set Shifting, and Working Memory Function in Older and Younger Social Drinkers Objective: Despite substantial attention being paid to the health benefits of moderate alcohol intake as a lifestyle, the acute effects of alcohol on psychomotor and working memory function in older adults are poorly understood. Method: The effects of low to moderate doses of alcohol on neurobehavioral function were investigated ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Acute_Effects_of_Moderate_Alcohol_on_Psychomotor_Set_Shifting_and_Working/4996.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Acute_Effects_of_Moderate_Alcohol_on_Psychomotor_Set_Shifting_and_Working/4996.html Parental Alcohol History Differentially Predicts Offspring Disorders in Distinct Subgroups in Israel Objective: The association between alcoholism in parents and related disorders in their offspring is well established in cultures with intermediate/high alcohol consumption, but not in those with low consumption, such as Israel. This study investigated differences in parental transmission of alcohol problems and related psychopathology between immigrants from ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Parental_Alcohol_History_Differentially_Predicts_Offspring_Disorders_in_Dis/4995.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Parental_Alcohol_History_Differentially_Predicts_Offspring_Disorders_in_Dis/4995.html Gender Differences in the Developmental Risk of Onset of Alcohol, Nicotine, and Marijuana Use and the Effects of Nicotine and Marijuana Use on Alcohol Outcomes Objective: This study aimed to (a) characterize gender-specific risk of onset of alcohol, nicotine, and marijuana use developmentally; (b) investigate the effects of early-onset status and frequency of nicotine and marijuana use on alcohol outcomes, controlling for the effects of alcohol use; and (c) examine gender differences ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Gender_Differences_in_the_Developmental_Risk_of_Onset_of_Alcohol_Nicotine/4994.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Gender_Differences_in_the_Developmental_Risk_of_Onset_of_Alcohol_Nicotine/4994.html Exploring Heavy Drinking Patterns Among Black and White Young Adults Objective: This investigation examined patterns of heavy drinking among Black and White young adults from a person-centered perspective and linked family and individual factors in adolescence to young adult drinking patterns. Method: The analysis focuses on 331 10th-grade students (168 Whites, 163 Blacks; 51% males) who were ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Exploring_Heavy_Drinking_Patterns_Among_Black_and_White_Young_Adults/4993.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Exploring_Heavy_Drinking_Patterns_Among_Black_and_White_Young_Adults/4993.html Subjective Response to Alcohol and ADH Polymorphisms in a Select Sample of Young Adult Male East Indians and Africans in Trinidad and Tobago Objective: Level of response to alcohol has been associated with risk of alcohol dependence in a number of ethnic groups. In the present study, subjective and objective responses to alcohol were evaluated in Indo-Trinidadians (Indo-T) and Afro-Trinidadians (Afro-T). Associations of alcohol dehydrogenase polymorphisms with response ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Subjective_Response_to_Alcohol_and_ADH_Polymorphisms_in_a_Select_Sample_of_/4992.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Subjective_Response_to_Alcohol_and_ADH_Polymorphisms_in_a_Select_Sample_of_/4992.html Impaired Visual Information Processing in Alcohol-Dependent Subjects: A Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Study of the Primary Visual Cortex Objective: Chronic alcoholism is associated with impaired cognitive abilities, with a more severe deficit in visual than in verbal functions. The visual processing deficits have classically been associated with impaired function of the visual cortex, located in the occipital lobe. The present study sought to increase current understanding of ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Impaired_Visual_Information_Processing_in_AlcoholDependent_Subjects_A_Pro/4991.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Impaired_Visual_Information_Processing_in_AlcoholDependent_Subjects_A_Pro/4991.html Brain Regions Affected by Impaired Control Modulate Responses to Alcohol and Smoking Cues Objective: Despite the commonly observed comorbidity of alcohol and tobacco use disorders and years of research, the mechanism underlying concurrent use of alcohol and tobacco is not yet clear. In this study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the relationship between brain responses to alcohol and ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Brain_Regions_Affected_by_Impaired_Control_Modulate_Responses_to_Alcohol_an/4990.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Brain_Regions_Affected_by_Impaired_Control_Modulate_Responses_to_Alcohol_an/4990.html Alcohol Use Disorder Clinical Course Research: Informing Clinicians' Treatment Planning Now and in the Future Objective: The clinical course of alcohol use disorder (AUD) has been widely researched over the past half-century and has been used to advance our understanding of the treatment of AUD. Nevertheless, new directions in AUD clinical course research could enhance its value in informing clinical decision-making in ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Alcohol_Use_Disorder_Clinical_Course_Research_Informing_Clinicians_Treatm/4989.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Alcohol_Use_Disorder_Clinical_Course_Research_Informing_Clinicians_Treatm/4989.html Personality and the Prediction of High-Risk Trajectories of Alcohol Use During Adolescence Objective: Early onset of alcohol use and persistent use of alcohol during adolescence have been associated with later problem behavior, such as heavy drinking and the use of other substances. Several personality characteristics have been related to the onset and persistent use of alcohol during adolescence. In the present ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Personality_and_the_Prediction_of_HighRisk_Trajectories_of_Alcohol_Use_Dur/4988.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Personality_and_the_Prediction_of_HighRisk_Trajectories_of_Alcohol_Use_Dur/4988.html Momentary Positive and Negative Affect Preceding Marijuana Use Events in Youth [OPEN ACCESS] Objective: Desire to self-regulate affect, including to maintain or enhance positive affect and to reduce negative affect, may be a primary motivation for marijuana use among young people. This study examined how positive and negative affect differ before marijuana use compared with other times. Method: Forty medical outpatients ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Momentary_Positive_and_Negative_Affect_Preceding_Marijuana_Use_Events_in_Yo/4987.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Momentary_Positive_and_Negative_Affect_Preceding_Marijuana_Use_Events_in_Yo/4987.html Depression and Anxiety Symptoms Moderate the Relation Between Negative Reinforcement Smoking Outcome Expectancies and Nicotine Dependence Objective: Smoking reinforcement expectancies—expectations that smoking modulates mood—can be powerful motivators to smoke, resulting in increased nicotine dependence. The impact of smoking reinforcement expectancies on nicotine dependence may be particularly strong in individuals with increased mood or anxiety symptoms because they may be more likely to act ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Depression_and_Anxiety_Symptoms_Moderate_the_Relation_Between_Negative_Rein/4986.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Depression_and_Anxiety_Symptoms_Moderate_the_Relation_Between_Negative_Rein/4986.html Episode-Specific Drinking-to-Cope Motivation, Daily Mood, and Fatigue-Related Symptoms Among College Students Objective: The goal of the present study was to examine whether within-person, episode-specific changes in drinking-to-cope (DTC) motivation from the previous evening were associated with concurrent daily mood and fatigue-related symptoms among college student drinkers (N = 1,421; 54% female). Method: We conducted an ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/EpisodeSpecific_DrinkingtoCope_Motivation_Daily_Mood_and_FatigueRelat/4985.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/EpisodeSpecific_DrinkingtoCope_Motivation_Daily_Mood_and_FatigueRelat/4985.html Adolescent Alcohol Use Is Positively Associated With Later Depression in a Population-Based U.K. Cohort Objective: Alcohol use and internalizing problems are often positively associated during adolescence and adulthood. However, the basis of this relationship remains poorly understood, and longitudinal data collected in population-based samples could improve the development of etiological models. Method: Using a prospective population-based U.K. cohort, the current ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Adolescent_Alcohol_Use_Is_Positively_Associated_With_Later_Depression_in_a_/4984.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Adolescent_Alcohol_Use_Is_Positively_Associated_With_Later_Depression_in_a_/4984.html Use of Alcohol Mixed With Energy Drinks as a Predictor of Alcohol-Related Consequences Two Years Later Objective: This study examines the use of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) as a predictor of alcohol problems and alcohol-related consequences and accidents two years later in a college student sample. Method: Longitudinal data on AmED use, alcohol consequences, and alcohol problems were collected from the fall ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Use_of_Alcohol_Mixed_With_Energy_Drinks_as_a_Predictor_of_AlcoholRelated_C/4983.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Use_of_Alcohol_Mixed_With_Energy_Drinks_as_a_Predictor_of_AlcoholRelated_C/4983.html Alcohol Expectancies and Evaluations of Aggression in Alcohol-Related Intimate-Partner Verbal and Physical Aggression Objective: Alcohol aggression expectancies have been found to be associated with increases in aggressive behavior. However, research has not consistently examined evaluations of such behavior. This is unfortunate as both expectancies and evaluations may play a role in whether such behavior will occur. Given this, the current study cross-... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Alcohol_Expectancies_and_Evaluations_of_Aggression_in_AlcoholRelated_Intim/4982.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Alcohol_Expectancies_and_Evaluations_of_Aggression_in_AlcoholRelated_Intim/4982.html Cortical Thickness and Neurocognition in Adolescent Marijuana and Alcohol Users Following 28 Days of Monitored Abstinence Objective: Adolescent marijuana use continues to increase in prevalence as harm perception declines. Better understanding of marijuana's impact on neurodevelopment is crucial. This prospective study aimed to investigate cortical thickness and neurocognitive performance before and after 28 days of monitored abstinence in adolescent marijuana and alcohol users. Method: ... http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Cortical_Thickness_and_Neurocognition_in_Adolescent_Marijuana_and_Alcohol_U/4981.html http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Cortical_Thickness_and_Neurocognition_in_Adolescent_Marijuana_and_Alcohol_U/4981.html