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Psychiatric Diagnoses among Mission Indian Children with and without a Parental History of Alcohol Dependence
David A. Gilder, Tamara L. Wall, Cindy L. Ehlers
Objective: The primary goal was to determine whether Mission Indian children of alcoholics (COAs) have higher rates of psychiatric disorders than Mission Indian non-COAs. A secondary goal was to explore associations of other familial variables with rates of childhood psychiatric disorders. Method: Psychiatric diagnoses were obtained from the primary caregiver, using the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA), for 117 (63 female) Mission Indian children; 81 of the children were interviewed directly. Of the 117 subjects, 92 (79%) were COAs and 25 (21%) were not. Results: There were no differences in rates of psychiatric disorders between COAs and non-COAs. Living in a household without a mother was associated with a higher rate of separation anxiety disorder, and living in a household without a father was associated with a higher rate of both oppositional defiant disorder and separation anxiety disorder. Conclusions: Parental alcohol dependence does not appear to relate to increased psychopathology among Mission Indian children, but living in a single parent household may be associated with increased rates of some psychiatric disorders. (J. Stud. Alcohol 63: 18-23, 2002)