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Intensity of Acute Services, Self-Help Attendance and One-Year Outcomes among Dual Diagnosis Patients
Christine Timko, Jill M. Sempel
Objective: This study of dual diagnosis patients examined the associations of the intensity of acute care services and 12-step self-help group attendance with substance use and mental health outcomes. Method: Participants (n = 230; 96% men) received treatment in one of 14 residential programs and were evaluated with the Addiction Severity Index at discharge (98%) and at 1-year follow-up (80%). Results: High service intensity in acute treatment was associated with better substance use and family/social outcomes both at discharge and at 1 year when patientsí intake status was controlled. More attendance at 12-step self-help groups was also associated with better patient substance use and psychiatric outcomes, both during and following treatment. The benefits of more 12-step group attendance, however, depended on whether acute treatment was of low or high service intensity. More 12-step group attendance during treatment was associated with better alcohol and drug outcomes at discharge only among patients treated in low-service-intensity programs; and more attendance postdischarge was associated with better psychiatric and family/social functioning at 1 year only among patients receiving low-service-intensity care. Conclusions: We suggest potential means by which high-service-intensity acute care programs might better facilitate patientsí postdischarge use of 12-step self-help groups to benefit outcomes. (J. Stud. Alcohol 65: 274-282, 2004)